Do Family and Parenting Factors in Adolescence Influence Condom Use in Early Adulthood in a Multiethnic Sample of Young Adults?

Mary Rogers Gillmore, M. R.,
Chen, A. C.,
Haas, S. A.,
Kopak, A. M.,
Robillard, A. G.
Journal Article
Year Published: 2011
Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 40(11):1503-1518, November 2011
School of Social Work, Arizona State University, Phoenix, AZ, USA

Studies show that positive family factors help protect adolescents from engaging in risky sexual activities, but whether they continue to protect during the transition to late adolescence and early adulthood remains unknown. Using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, these authors examined whether family support, parent-child closeness, parental monitoring of adolescent behaviors, and parent-child communication about sex, assessed in adolescence, were related to condom use in late adolescence/early adulthood among African American (n = 1,986), Chinese American (n = 163), Mexican American (n = 1,011) and White (n = 6,971) youth. Controlling for demographic variables and number of sex partners, family support was positively related and parent-child communication was negatively related to condom use for the sample as a whole and for the white sample, but not for the other groups. Parent-child communication about sex and parental control were negatively related to condom usein the Chinese American sample. None of the family factors was related to condom use in the African American or Mexican American samples. Modified Author Abstract.

Correspondence to: M. R. Gillmore, School of Social Work, Arizona State University, Phoenix, AZ 85004, USA; E-mail:, Website:
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