Defining Youth Success Using Culturally Appropriate Community-Based Participatory Research Methods

Cross, T. L. Friesen, B. J. Jivanjee, P. Gowen, L. K. Bandurraga, A. Matthew, C. Maher, N.
Year Published: 2011
Lyceum Books Inc.
Best Practices in Mental Health, 7(1):90-114, January 2011.
National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research, U.S. Department of Education, and the Center for Mental Health Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (Grant No.

These authors report on the development of a culturally grounded method for measuring outcomes and demonstrating the effectiveness of culturally specific services for Native American youth. This method was developed out of a community-based participatory research project involving Native elders, families, youth, community partners, and members of an organization serving an urban American Indian community. Through a series of focus groups, participants defined success for Native youth. Responses were analyzed using the four quadrants of the Relational Worldview model, an indigenous way of understanding life from a concept of wholeness and balance as a framework. The authors describe the cultural adaptations necessary in conducting the focus groups and analyzing the data. They summarize focus group results, illustrating key themes with participant quotes, and also highlight next steps in the development of a practice-based approach to demonstrating the effectiveness of culturally specific services. Modified Author Abstract.

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