Violent Victimization and Perpetration During Adolescence: Developmental Stage Dependent Ecological Models
Using a variant of the ecological-transactional model and developmental theories of delinquency on a nationally representative sample of adolescents, these authors explored the ecological predictors of violent victimization and perpetration for three different developmental stages during adolescence. They examined the relative influence of individual and family characteristics, peers, and neighborhood characteristics on the odds of experiencing violent victimization and perpetration over time with two waves of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health for those adolescents who reported no exposure to violence at Wave 1 (N = 8,267). Results showed that more proximal factors differentiated between different experiences with violence at Wave 2. Also, negative peers significantly differentiated between violent victimization and perpetration, and this influence was strongest in early adolescence. In exploratory analyses, middle adolescents were particularly vulnerable to their disadvantaged neighborhoods for a high-risk group. Modified Author Abstract.