Rape Myth Acceptance Among Korean College Students: The Roles of Gender, Attitudes Toward Women, and Sexual Double Standard
The purpose of this study was to examine factors that influence rape myths among South Korean college students. The authors were particularly interested in the ways in which attitudes toward women and sexual double standard affect the relationship between gender and rape myths. A sample of 327 students completed the Korean Rape Myth Acceptance Scale-Revised, the Attitudes Toward Women Scale, and the Sexual Double Standard Scale. Structural equation modeling was used to test hypothesized models. Results revealed that in three of the four models (rape survivor myths, rape perpetrator myths, and myths about the impact of rape), attitudes toward women were a more important predictor of rape myths than gender or sexual double standard. In the rape spontaneity myths model, on the other hand, sexual double standard was a more important predictor than gender or attitudes toward women. The authors suggest that the findings can be useful in developing culturally specific rape prevention and victim intervention programs. Modified Author Abstract.