Neighborhood Predictors of Dating Violence Victimization and Perpetration in Young Adulthood: A Multilevel Study
These authors examined whether social processes of neighborhoods, such as collective efficacy, during the adolescent years affect the likelihood of being involved in physical dating violence during young adulthood. Using longitudinal data on 633 urban youths aged 13-19 years at baseline and data from their neighborhoods, the authors assessed the association between collective efficacy and physical dating violence victimization and perpetration, controlling for individual covariates, neighborhood poverty, and perceived neighborhood violence. They found that females were significantly more likely than males to be perpetrators of dating violence during young adulthood (38 percent versus 19 percent). There was some variation in dating violence at the neighborhood level, partly accounted for by collective efficacy. Collective efficacy was predictive of victimization for males but not females after controlling for confounders; it was marginally associated with perpetration. The effects of collective efficacy varied by neighborhood poverty. A significant proportion of the neighborhood-level variation in male perpetration remained unexplained after modeling. Modified Author Abstract.