Intimate Partner Violence Attitudes and Experience Among Women and Men in Uganda
These authors examined intimate partner violence (IPV) attitudes and experience among women and men in Uganda. They used data from a nationally representative sample of men and women collected in 2006 as part of the Uganda Demographic and Health Survey. More than half of men and nearly three quarters of women had attitudes supportive of wife beating in Uganda. More than half of married women reported IPV victimization, and 40 percent of married men reported perpetration. Women and men who reported witnessing their fathers beating their mothers were more likely to report IPV victimization and perpetration, respectively. Witnessing violence was also associated with positive attitudes toward wife beating among men. Women who witnessed wife beating were the most likely to have both attitudes supportive of IPV and IPV experience, possibly indicating that their relationship expectations are different than women who did not witness violence. The authors discuss the implications for designing IPV prevention programs in Uganda and elsewhere in sub-Saharan Africa where gender norms that justify IPV prevail. Modified Author Abstract.