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The Impact of Protective Factors in Desistance From Violent Reoffending: A Study in Three Samples of Adolescent Offenders

Lodewijks, H. P. B.,
Ruiter, C.,
Doreleijers, T. A. H.
Journal Article
Year Published: 2010
SAGE Publications
Journal of Interpersonal Violence 25(3); 568-587: March 2010
SAGE Publications

This study examined the impact of protective factors on desistance from violent reoffending in adolescents. The sample consisted of three groups of male adolescents in different stages of the judicial process: pre-trial (n = 111); during residential treatment (n = 66); and after release from a juvenile justice facility (n = 47). Protective factors were assessed using the Structured Assessment of Violence Risk in Youth (SAVRY). The results lend support to the hypothesis that protective factors buffer or mitigate the risk of violent reoffending. Using regression analyses, in all samples, the addition of protective factors yielded a significant increment in the amount of variance explained by dynamic risk factors alone. Furthermore, in medium to high risk subgroups, the violent reoffending rate was significantly higher when protective factors were absent, compared to when protective factors were present. The authors discuss the findings in terms of their implications for risk assessment and risk managementpractice with adolescent offenders. Modified Author Abstract.

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