The History and Timing of Depression Onset as Predictors of Young Adult Self-Esteem
These authors examined the relationship between a history of major depression and self-esteem in young adulthood. They also assessed whether the timing of depression onset predicts young adult self-esteem, and explored the alternative interpretation that the relationship between major depression and self-esteem is due to state dependence bias stemming from recent depressive symptoms and stressful life events. In a community sample of young adults from Miami-Dade County, Florida (n=1,197), a history of major depression during sensitive periods of social development was associated with negative changes in self-esteem during the transition to young adulthood. Among those with a history of depression, earlier onset was more problematic than later onset, although the difference disappeared after controlling for prior level of self-esteem. Associations of the history and timing of depression onset with self-esteem were observed net of recent depressive symptoms and stressful life events, and thus support the alternative interpretation of state dependence. Modified Author Abstract.