A Family Planning Clinic Partner Violence Intervention to Reduce Risk Associated with Reproductive Coercion
In this study, the authors examined the efficacy of a family-planning-clinic-based intervention to address intimate partner violence (IPV) and reproductive coercion. Four free-standing urban family planning clinics in Northern California were randomized to intervention (trained family planning counselors) or standard of care. English-speaking and Spanish-speaking females ages 16-29 years (N=906) completed audio computer-assisted surveys prior to a clinic visit and 12-24 weeks later (75 percent retention rate). Analyses included assessment of intervention effects on recent IPV, awareness and use of IPV services, birth control sabotage, and pregnancy coercion. Among women reporting recent IPV at baseline, there was a 71 percent reduction in the odds of pregnancy coercion among participants in intervention clinics compared to those in the control clinics. Women in the intervention arm were also more likely to report ending a relationship because the relationship was unhealthy or because they felt unsafe regardless of IPV status. Modified Author Abstract.