Examination of Sex and Race Differences in Longitudinal Predictors of the Initiation of Adolescent Dating Violence Perpetration
These authors examined longitudinal predictors of dating violence perpetration and determined whether the predictors varied by sex and race. The sample consisted of 1,666 Black or White adolescents who completed questionnaires in the fall and spring semesters. Participants were limited to those who reported they had never perpetrated violence against a date at the fall assessment, and they had been on a date by the spring semester. Depression, marijuana use, and aggression against peers predicted perpetration by girls but not by boys. Anxiety predicted perpetration by White adolescents, and anger predicted perpetration by Black adolescents. Number of friends using violence against dates was a predictor for all groups. Black girls were more likely to initiate dating violence than all other groups. The findings can inform the development of primary prevention interventions for adolescent dating violence, including the targeting of high-risk groups for selective intervention. Modified Author Abstract.