Depression Among Couples in the United States in the Context of Intimate Partner Violence
These authors examined the relationship between intimate partner violence and depression, using data for a multicluster random household sample of U.S. couples interviewed as part of a 5-year national longitudinal study. Depression was assessed with the CES-D. The multivariate analyses for men showed that the odds of depression did not vary significantly by type of male-to-female (MF) or female-to-male (FM) aggression. Men who engaged in infrequent binge drinking, compared to those who never binged, were less likely to be depressed, as were men with greater collective efficacy. For women, the multivariate analyses showed that FM aggression, both psychological (minor and severe) and physical, was associated with a greater likelihood of depression. Exposure to parental violence was also associated with depression. The findings suggest that women may experience depression as the result of psychological and physical aggression, even if they are the perpetrators of such aggression. Modified Author Abstract.