Culturally Competent Service Provision to Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Survivors of Sexual Violence

Gentlewarrior, S.
Paper/Research Report
Year Published: 2009
VAWnet, National Resource Center on Domestic Violence
Applied Research, September 2009, 19 pages.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) (Cooperative agreement (5U1V/CE324010-05)

Sexual violence is a public health issue and epidemic, says this author. While sexual violence intervention and prevention efforts have expanded over the last three decades, little attention has been given to the needs of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) survivors of sexual violence. In this paper, the author provides an overview of the research focusing on LGBT survivors of sexual violence. She starts by defining key terms used throughout the paper and providing background on the importance of including LGBT survivors in anti-violence work. Then, she describes the types and incidence of LGBT sexual violence, including sexual harassment, child sexual abuse, and sexual trauma in adulthood. She reviews the limited research on culturally competent intervention for LGBT survivors of sexual violence, and concludes with recommendations for the sexual violence field to establish more effective services for LGBT survivors of sexual trauma.

Sabrina Gentlewarrior, Ph.D., LICSW, ACSW, Social Work Department and Office of Institutional Diversity, Bridgewater State College, 95 Burrill Avenue, Bridgewater, MA 02325; Telephone: (508) 531-2293, E-mail:, Website:
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