Risk Factors for Sexual Victimization Among Male and Female Homeless and Runaway Youth

Tyler, K. A.,
Whitbeck, L. B.,
Hoyt, D. R.,
Cauce, A. M.
Journal Article
Year Published: 2004
Sage Publications
Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 19(5):503-520, May 2004
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse & Alcoholism (Grant No. AA10253-05)

These authors investigated risk factors associated with the likelihood of being sexually victimized by a stranger or friend/acquaintance since being on the street. They interviewed a total of 372 homeless and runaway youth on the streets and in shelters by outreach workers using a systematic sampling strategy. Youth who engaged in more high-risk behaviors were expected to be at greater risk for sexual victimization by both known and unknown assailants. Overall, 35 percent of the sample had been sexually victimized. For females, running from home for the first time at an earlier age was associated with sexual victimization by both a stranger and friend/acquaintance. However, engaging in deviant subsistence strategies, survival sex, and grooming predicted being sexually victimized by a friend/acquaintance. For males, survival sex and grooming predicted stranger sexual victimization, whereas sexual orientation was associated with sexual victimization by a friend/acquaintance. Modified Author Abstract.

Correspondence to Kimberly A. Tyler, University of Nebraska?Lincoln, Department of Sociology, 717 Oldfather Hall, Lincoln, NE 68588-0324; E-mail: ktyler2@unl.edu, Website: http://jiv.sagepub.com/content/19/5
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