National Clearinghouse on Homeless Youth and Families

How to Implement Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

The National Child Traumatic Stress Network,
Child Sexual Abuse Task Force,
Research & Practice Core
Manual, 70 pages
Year Published: 2004
The National Child Traumatic Stress Network (NCTSN)
National Center for Child Traumatic Stress

Many children and adolescents experience traumatic events, causing significant distress or psychological difficulties that can be serious or long lasting. These experiences also increase the risk of adult physical and psychological problems, criminal behavior, and impaired functioning. Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (TF-CBT) is a psychosocial treatment model that incorporates elements of cognitive-behavioral, attachment, humanistic, empowerment, and family therapy models. It includes several core treatment components that can be provided in a flexible manner to address the unique needs of each child and family. There is strong scientific evidence that the therapy works in treating trauma symptoms in children, adolescents, and their parents. This TF-CBT Implementation Manual is for agencies and clinicians who are considering the use of TF-CBT for traumatized children in their communities. It is intended to assist agencies in weighing the pros and cons of adopting this treatment model, and to offer direct service providers guidance in implementing and delivering TF-CBT.

National Center for Child Traumatic Stress, University of California, Los Angeles, 11150 W. Olympic Boulevard, Suite 650, Los Angeles, CA 90064; Telephone: (310) 235-2633, Fax: (310) 235-2612, Website:, or
Publication available on the Internet free of charge
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