National Clearinghouse on Homeless Youth and Families

Multiple Opportunities for Creating Sanctuary

Bloom, S. L.,
Bennington-Davis, M.,
Farragher, B.,
McCorkle, D.,
Nice-Martini, K.,
Wellbank, K.
Journal Article
Year Published: 2003
Human Sciences Press, Inc.
Psychiatric Quarterly, 74(2):173-190, Summer 2003.
Community Works, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

The authors describe the experience of five change agents from a diverse group of settings: two residential treatment programs for children and adolescents, a group home for disturbed adolescents, a residential substance abuse program for urban women, and an acute care psychiatric inpatient unit. The authors report that these innovators share a willingness to engage in the challenging and complex process of changing their systems to better address the needs of the traumatized children, adolescents, and adults who populate their various programs. Using the Sanctuary Model as originally applied to a specialty inpatient psychiatric program for adult survivors of childhood abuse as their guide, the leaders of each of these organizations discuss the process of change that they are directing. Modified Author Abstract.

Correspondence to: Sandra L. Bloom, M.D., Community Works, PMB 138, 12 West Willow Grove Avenue, Philadelphia, PA 19118-3952; E-mail:, Website:
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